A Step-by-Step Guide to How Weed Is Grown in 2024

Table of Contents

Growing your own cannabis can be a rewarding and satisfying experience, giving you control over the entire process from seed to harvest. Whether you’re a novice or an experienced cultivator, our comprehensive guide covers every aspect of cannabis cultivation, including how is weed grown, from understanding plant basics to managing pests and diseases. So, let’s embark on this journey together and learn how to cultivate our high-quality cannabis plants.

Key Takeaways

  • Growers must understand the basics of cannabis cultivation to optimize their efforts and produce high-quality buds.
  • Different growing environments have advantages and disadvantages that should be considered for successful cultivation.
  • Jorge Cervantes’ “The Cannabis Encyclopedia” provides comprehensive guidance on all aspects of cannabis growth, from germination to harvesting, maximizing yield & potency.

Understanding Cannabis Plant Basics

Healthy cannabis plants growing in a greenhouse with supplemental artificial  grow lights.

Cannabis is an ancient plant with a rich history, dating back thousands of years to its first documented use by Chinese Emperor Shen Nung in 2727 B.C. Today, cannabis plants are grown worldwide for their psychoactive effects, mainly due to the presence of delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) in their buds. Successful cultivation hinges on a thorough grasp of the biology and characteristics of cannabis plants, given the impact of varying strains and plant genders on the final product.

There are three known species of Cannabis: C. indica, C. sativa, and C. ruderalis, each with its own distinct characteristics. Hybrid vigor, the phenomenon where crossing two strains results in a more robust and resilient plant, significantly develops new cannabis strains. As cannabis cultivation evolved, the use of feminized seeds became more common, ensuring a higher yield of female plants, which produce the highest levels of THC.

Cannabis Strains and Their Characteristics

Cannabis strains vary widely in their characteristics, such as growth patterns, potency, and resistance to pests and diseases. Grasping these differences is vital to cultivate healthy plants and attain the desired outcomes from your cannabis seeds.

For instance, Sativa plants are known for their tall and slender stature, making them well-suited for outdoor cannabis cultivation. In contrast, Indica plants are typically shorter and bushier, often preferred by indoor growers. Knowledge of the specific characteristics of each strain can help cultivators make informed decisions about which strains to grow, ultimately leading to a successful harvest.

Male vs. Female Plants

In cannabis cultivation, differentiating between male and female plants is vital, as female plants produce highly sought-after buds with high THC content. Male plants, conversely, produce pollen necessary for fertilization but are often removed from the grow to prevent pollination, which can lead to lower potency and seed-filled buds.

To ensure a high yield of female plants, cultivators can use feminized seeds, which have been genetically manipulated to produce almost exclusively female plants. Recognizing the differences between male and female plants early on allows growers to optimize their cannabis cultivation efforts and focus on nurturing the plants that will produce the most potent buds.

Choosing the Right Growing Environment

Cannabis  plants growing outdoors in a sunny environment.

Choosing an appropriate growing environment is pivotal to thriving cannabis cultivation. The two primary environments are indoor and outdoor cultivation, each with its own advantages and disadvantages. Indoor growing typically offers more control over the environment, such as lighting, temperature, and humidity, while outdoor growing relies on natural conditions and can be more cost-effective.

Regardless of the chosen environment, the key is to provide cannabis plants with the essential requirements for growth. These include:

  • Adequate lighting
  • Temperature control
  • Air circulation
  • Nutrients
  • Hydration

Resources, space, and even legal limitations may all impact your choice of the growing environment. Before embarking on your cannabis cultivation journey, researching to understand the specific regulations and restrictions in your area is vital. By selecting the right growing environment based on your unique circumstances, you’ll be better equipped to cultivate healthy plants and achieve a bountiful harvest.

Indoor Growing Advantages and Challenges

Growing cannabis indoors offers several advantages, including year-round cultivation, control over flowering, and the ability to grow a wider range of strains. However, indoor growing can be more complex and costly than outdoor cultivation, requiring a controlled environment and specialized equipment such as grow lights, ventilation systems, and temperature and humidity control devices.

Despite these challenges, indoor growers can achieve high-quality buds and have the advantage of tailoring the growing conditions to suit the specific needs of their chosen cannabis strains. Cultivators, by comprehending the advantages and challenges of indoor growing, can decide whether this method fits best with their cannabis cultivation objectives.

Outdoor Growing Pros and Cons

Outdoor cannabis cultivation has its own set of benefits and drawbacks. On the positive side, outdoor growing can be more cost-effective, as it relies on natural sunlight and doesn’t require the same specialized equipment as indoor growing. Outdoor cultivation can also be more forgiving regarding minor mistakes and often results in higher yields, especially for Sativa strains.

However, outdoor growing also comes with challenges, such as increased vulnerability to pests, weather conditions, and potential legal issues. Growers, by considering the advantages and disadvantages of outdoor cannabis cultivation, can ascertain if this method aligns with their objectives and resources.

Selecting the Ideal Growth Medium

Cannabis plants growing outdoors in marginal soil.

The selection of growth medium significantly influences the general health and success of cannabis plants. There are various growth mediums to choose from, with the most common being soil-based and hydroponic systems. The ideal growth medium depends on the specific needs of your cannabis plants and your cultivation goals, as well as cost, ease of use, and environmental impact.

Selecting a suitable growth medium can have a profound impact on the development of your cannabis plants. Providing the appropriate nutrients, water, and aeration can make all the difference in their overall health, growth, and yield. By comprehending the unique characteristics and requirements of different growth mediums, Cultivators can decide which one aligns best with their cannabis cultivation objectives.

Soil-based Growing

Soil-based growing is a popular method for cultivating cannabis, as it is relatively simple and can be tailored to the specific needs of the plants. High-quality potting soil should include ingredients such as earthworm castings, alfalfa meal, and humic acid, which provide essential nutrients for optimal plant growth when growing marijuana.

In soil-based growing, ensuring proper drainage is critical to prevent problems like root rot and nutrient imbalances. By ensuring nutrient-rich soil and adequate drainage, cultivators can provide a healthy environment for their cannabis plants to thrive.

Hydroponic and Aeroponic Systems

Hydroponic and aeroponic systems are alternative methods for cultivating cannabis without the use of soil. These soil-less systems provide accelerated growth and increased yields compared to traditional soil-based cultivation. In hydroponic and aeroponic systems, plants are grown in nutrient-rich water solutions, allowing for more precise control over nutrient intake and faster nutrient uptake.

While these systems can be more complex and costly to set up compared to soil-based growing, their advantages in terms of faster growth and larger yields make them an attractive option for many cannabis cultivators.

Providing Proper Lighting for Cannabis Plants

Cannabis plants growing in a greenhouse with added grow lights.

Lighting is a vital element in cannabis cultivation, given its direct influence on the plants’ growth, health, and yield. Cannabis plants require sufficient light to photosynthesize, the process by which they convert light energy into the chemical energy needed for growth.

The type of lighting you choose, whether natural sunlight or artificial grow lights, can significantly impact the success of your cannabis cultivation efforts.

Understanding the different lighting options available for cannabis cultivation can help you make informed decisions about which option is best suited for your specific growing environment and goals. With the right lighting, you can optimize the growth of your cannabis plants and achieve a bountiful harvest.

Natural Sunlight vs. Artificial Lighting

Natural sunlight is the most cost-effective and comprehensive light source for cannabis cultivation, providing a full spectrum of light essential for plant growth. However, relying on natural sunlight can be challenging due to weather conditions, seasonal changes, and geographic location.

On the other hand, artificial lighting offers greater control over the light spectrum and intensity, allowing for customized lighting conditions to suit the specific needs of your cannabis plants.

While artificial lighting can be more expensive to set up and maintain than natural sunlight, it can provide consistent and reliable lighting for your cannabis plants, ensuring optimal growth and yield.

Types of Grow Lights

Various types of grow lights are available for cannabis cultivation, including LED, HID, and fluorescent bulbs. Each grow light has advantages and disadvantages, depending on energy efficiency, light intensity, and cost.

LED grow lights, for example, offer precise control over the light spectrum and are highly energy-efficient. In contrast, HID grow lights provide high-intensity light but consume more energy and produce more heat.

By understanding the unique characteristics of each type of grow light, you can select the best option for your cannabis cultivation needs, ensuring your plants receive the proper amount and quality of light needed for optimal growth.

Managing Temperature and Humidity

This thermometer/hygrometer can be switched from Celsius to Farenheight.

Temperature and humidity significantly affect the overall health and growth of cannabis plants. Maintaining the ideal temperature and humidity levels is essential for preventing mold, pests, and nutrient deficiencies.

As cannabis plants grow, their temperature and humidity requirements may change, making it necessary to monitor and adjust these conditions throughout the cultivation process closely.

Cultivators, by comprehending the optimal temperature and humidity ranges for each cannabis plant growth stage, can establish the ideal growing environment for their plants.

Proper management of temperature and humidity can significantly impact the success of your cannabis cultivation efforts, resulting in healthier plants and higher yields.

Ideal Temperature Ranges for Marijuana Plants

The ideal temperature range for cannabis plants varies depending on their growth stage. During the vegetative stage, cannabis plants prefer warmer temperatures between 70-85°F (20-30°C).

As the plants transition to the flowering stage, they prefer slightly cooler temperatures between 65 and 80°F (18 and 26°C), which help promote bud development with desirable color, trichome production, and scent.

By maintaining the appropriate temperature ranges throughout the various growth stages, cultivators can ensure their cannabis plants develop optimally and reach their full potential.

Controlling Humidity Levels

Controlling humidity levels in the growing environment is essential for preventing mold, pests, and nutrient deficiencies. Here are the recommended humidity levels for each stage of cannabis growth:

  • Seedling stage: 65-70% humidity
  • Vegetative stage: gradually reduce humidity levels
  • Flowering stage: reduce humidity levels to prevent mold growth and other issues.

By closely monitoring and adjusting humidity levels throughout the cultivation process, growers can ensure optimal growing conditions for their cannabis plants and reduce the risk of common problems associated with improper humidity control.

Recently germinated seedlings that are ready to go into the vegetative growth stage.

Cannabis plants progress through several unique growth stages, from germination to flowering. Recognizing each phase’s distinct characteristics and needs is crucial to successful cultivation, as it allows growers to provide the necessary care and resources to ensure healthy plant development. By mastering the various stages of cannabis plant growth, cultivators can optimize their efforts and achieve the best possible results.

Navigating the stages of cannabis plant growth requires a thorough understanding of the specific needs and challenges associated with each stage. From proper lighting and nutrient requirements to pest and disease management, a comprehensive approach to cannabis cultivation can greatly improve the chances of a successful harvest. By closely monitoring and adjusting the growing conditions throughout each stage of plant growth, cultivators can ensure their cannabis plants reach their full potential and produce the highest quality buds.

Germination and Seedling Stages in Cannabis Cultivation

The germination and seedling stages are the first steps in the life cycle of a cannabis plant. The seed sprouts a root during germination, eventually developing into a seedling with its first set of leaves. Proper care during this stage is essential for establishing a solid foundation for the plant’s future growth.

This includes providing the appropriate environmental conditions, such as warmth, moisture, and humidity, and ensuring the seedling receives adequate light to support photosynthesis. By nurturing the seedlings and providing the necessary care, growers can set the stage for a successful cannabis cultivation journey.

Vegetative Stage

During the vegetative stage, cannabis plants focus on developing strong roots, stems, and leaves, setting the stage for the flowering stage when buds form. This stage is characterized by rapid vegetative growth, with plants requiring plenty of light, water, and nutrients to support their development.

The ideal light cycle during the vegetative stage is 18 hours per day, allowing the plants to maximize photosynthesis and growth. By providing the proper care and resources during the vegetative stage, growers can ensure their cannabis plants develop a strong foundation to support the development of high-quality buds during the flowering stage.

Flowering Stage

Super healthy cannabis plant in the vegetative stage.

The flowering stage is the final phase of cannabis plant growth, during which the plants begin to produce the resinous buds that are prized for their THC content. The key to a successful flowering stage is proper light management, as cannabis plants require a 12-hour light cycle to induce flowering.

Additionally, maintaining optimal temperature and humidity levels during this stage can help promote the development of buds with desirable color, trichome production, and scent. By carefully monitoring and adjusting the growing conditions throughout the flowering stage, cultivators can ensure their cannabis plants produce the highest quality buds and reach their full potential.

Pest and Disease Management for Cannabis Plants

Pest and disease management is a fundamental part of cannabis cultivation, crucial to maintaining the plants’ health and vitality. A proactive pest and disease management approach can prevent many common issues and ensure a successful harvest. By closely monitoring the growing environment and employing effective prevention and treatment strategies, cultivators can protect their cannabis plants from pests and diseases that can negatively impact their growth and yield.

Understanding the most common pests and diseases that affect cannabis plants and the best methods for treating and preventing these issues is crucial for successful cannabis cultivation. By employing organic pest control methods and effectively identifying and treating plant diseases, growers can ensure the overall health and well-being of their cannabis plants, resulting in a bountiful harvest of high-quality buds.

Organic Pest Control Methods

Organic pest control methods are an effective and environmentally friendly way to protect cannabis plants from pests. One such method is the introduction of beneficial insects, such as ladybugs, lacewings, and hoverflies, which feed on common cannabis pests like aphids and mites.

Natural repellents, such as garlic, hot pepper, and neem oil, can help deter pests from the garden. By employing organic pest control methods, cultivators can protect their cannabis plants from harmful pests while minimizing the use of potentially harmful chemicals.

Identifying and Treating Plant Diseases

Beautiful flowering weed plant outdoors.

Cannabis plants can be susceptible to various diseases, including mold, mildew, and root rot. Early identification and treatment of these diseases can help prevent extensive plant damage and ensure a successful harvest.

In many cases, removing affected plant parts and applying fungicides can effectively treat plant diseases. By closely monitoring the health of their cannabis plants and addressing any signs of disease early on, growers can minimize the impact of these issues and maintain the overall health of their plants.

Harvesting and Curing Cannabis Buds

Harvesting cannabis buds is a key step in the cultivation process. If it is not done correctly, it will directly affect the quality and potency of the final product. Curing is equally essential; it must be performed with the utmost care for optimal results. Knowing when to harvest and how to dry and cure the buds properly can greatly impact the taste, aroma, and overall quality of the cannabis. By honing their harvesting and curing skills, growers can maximize their yield from cannabis plants and attain superior results.

Proper harvesting and curing techniques can make a significant difference in the quality of the final product. By understanding the optimal time to harvest and employing effective drying and curing methods, growers can enhance the flavor, aroma, and potency of their cannabis buds, resulting in a truly enjoyable and satisfying experience for the end-user.

When to Harvest

Determining the ideal time to harvest cannabis plants is essential for achieving the highest quality buds. One way to assess ripeness is by observing the color of the trichomes, which are responsible for producing THC and other cannabinoids. Trichomes form the tiny outgrowths on the cannabis bud that add to its frosty texture. When they change color from clear to cloudy, and 5% to 15% turn reddish-brown or amber, it’s an indication that harvesting time has arrived.

Harvesting optimally allows growers to obtain the highest quality produce buds with the desired potency and effects.

Proper Drying and Curing Techniques

Expandable net shelves are my favourite way to dry buds and save space.

Proper drying and curing techniques are essential for enhancing the flavor, aroma, and potency of harvested cannabis buds. The drying process should occur in a controlled environment with a temperature range of 60-70°F (16-21°C) and a humidity level between 45% and 55%.

Once the buds are dry, they should be placed in an airtight container and stored in a cool, dark place for curing. The curing process includes the following steps:

  1. Place the dried buds in an airtight container.
  2. Store the container in a cool, dark place.
  3. Check the buds regularly for moisture and mold.
  4. Depending on bud size and humidity levels, allow the buds to cure for one to three weeks.

By employing proper drying and curing techniques, growers can ensure their cannabis buds reach their full potential in terms of flavor, aroma, and potency.

Jorge Cervantes Digital Legacy: The Online Cannabis Encyclopedia

The digital legacy of renowned cannabis expert Jorge Cervantes presents a wealth of information for those keen on broadening their understanding of cannabis cultivation. Cervantes’ comprehensive guide to cannabis cultivation, “The Cannabis Encyclopedia,” is invaluable for novice and experienced growers.

Covering every aspect of cannabis cultivation, from strain selection to pest management, this extensive guide provides in-depth information and practical advice to help growers achieve the best possible results from their cannabis plants.

Mastering Cannabis Cultivation: “The Cannabis Encyclopedia” comprehensive guide from Jorge Cervantes. Armed with the knowledge and guidance provided by Jorge Cervantes in “The Cannabis Encyclopedia,” growers can take their cannabis cultivation skills to the next level. This comprehensive guide covers a wide range of topics, including:

  • Selecting the ideal growing environment
  • Managing pests and diseases
  • Maximizing yield and potency
  • Harvesting and curing techniques
  • Cannabis Breeding and Genetics
  • Indoor and outdoor cultivation methods

With invaluable insights and advice, “The Cannabis Encyclopedia” is a must-have resource for anyone looking to cultivate high-quality cannabis plants.

Following Jorge Cervantes’ expert advice can lead cannabis cultivators to attain the best possible outcomes, relishing in the satisfaction of a successful harvest.


In conclusion, growing your cannabis can be a rewarding journey, offering you control over the entire cultivation process and the satisfaction of harvesting your high-quality buds. By understanding the fundamentals of cannabis plant biology, selecting the right growing environment and growth medium, providing proper lighting and temperature control, and managing pests and diseases, you can successfully cultivate cannabis plants that produce potent and flavorful buds. You can master the art of cannabis cultivation and take pleasure in the results of your labor with the help of experts like Jorge Cervantes, as well as your commitment and effort.

Frequently Asked Questions

Insights into Growing Marijuana Naturally and Cultivation Techniques

Q: Can marijuana plants flourish naturally without human intervention?
A: Yes, marijuana plants, specifically Cannabis sativa, can naturally thrive across various global climates without human intervention. Originating from Central and South Asia, these plants have adapted to diverse environments, evolving into strains suited for arid, temperate, continental, and tropical climates.

Q: What are the optimal cultivation methods for premium marijuana?
A: The choice of cultivation method depends on the grower’s objectives. Combining greenhouse and outdoor cultivation is effective for large-scale production, especially for extraction. However, indoor hydroponics or advanced greenhouse setups are preferred for high-quality buds for dispensary sales, offering precise environmental control.

Q: What does the marijuana cultivation process entail?
A: The process begins with seed germination or clone nurturing, providing optimal light, water, nutrients, and air. Growers can choose between soil-based or hydroponic systems, with indoor cultivation allowing for complete environmental control and consistent production cycles.

Q: What are the main species of marijuana plants?
A: The Cannabis genus includes three primary species: Cannabis indica, sativa, and ruderalis. Indica strains are known for their relaxing effects, sativa strains for energizing effects, and ruderalis for its auto-flowering characteristic, which is useful in hybrid variety development.

Q: How do male and female marijuana plants differ in cultivation?
A: Female plants are prized for producing buds, which is the primary goal of marijuana cultivation. Male plants are typically removed to prevent pollination, which can lower bud quality. However, male plants are essential for breeding and producing feminized seeds.

Q: What is the significance of the vegetative and flowering phases in marijuana growth?
A: The vegetative growth phase is crucial for establishing a robust and healthy plant supporting bud production. The flowering phase is when buds form and mature, influenced by changes in the light cycle.

Q: How do indoor and outdoor growing conditions affect marijuana plants?
A: Indoor growing allows for precise control over environmental conditions, leading to consistent quality and yields. Outdoor growing leverages natural sunlight and can produce larger yields but is subject to environmental variables.

Q: What role do grow lights and the light cycle play in indoor marijuana cultivation?
A: Grow lights provide the necessary light spectrum for plant growth, especially during seedling and vegetative stages. Typically altered to 12 hours of light and 12 hours of darkness, the light cycle triggers flowering in marijuana plants.

Q: How can growers ensure healthy plant growth and high-quality marijuana production?
A: Ensuring healthy plant growth involves managing light, water, nutrients, and air quality effectively. High-quality production also requires selecting the right strains, maintaining optimal environmental conditions, and employing proper plant management techniques.

Follow Jorge’s news
on social media